Mr. Fornnarino's English 2, Quiz 28

Be sure to choose each answer carefully. You get only one try to answer each question correctly!

This space contains reference material beginning next to Question 13.



















































































































































































































To answer Questions 13-18, please read the following passage from Chapter 14 of Haruki Murakami’s After Dark. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.



Chapter 14, pages 187-88


“A different clock in a different place. A round electric clock hanging on the wall. The hands point to 4:31. This is the kitchen of the Shirakawa house. Collar button open, tie loosened, Shirakawa sits alone at the breakfast table, eating plain yogurt with a spoon. He scoops it directly from the plastic container to his mouth.


He is watching the small TV they keep in the kitchen. The remote control sits next to the yogurt container. The screen is showing pictures of the sea bottom. Weird deep sea creatures. Ugly ones, beautiful ones. Predators, prey. Miniature research submarine outfitted with high-tech equipment. Powerful floodlights, precision arm. The programme is called Creatures of the Deep. The sound is muted. His face expressionless, Shirakawa follows the movements on the screen while conveying spoonfuls of yogurt to his mouth. His mind, however, is thinking about other things. He is considering aspects of the interrelationship of thought and action. Is action merely the incidental product of thought, or is thought the consequential product of action? His eyes follow the TV image, but he is actually looking at something deep inside the screen—something miles beyond the screen. He glances at the clock on the wall. The hands point to 4:33. The second hand glides its way round the dial. The world moves on continuously, without interruption. Thought and action continue to operate in concert. At least for now.” (Murakami, 187-88)












































































































To answer Questions 18-23, please read the following passage from Chapter 18 of Haruki Murakami’s After Dark. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.



Chapter 18, page 244


“And as for Eri, we can see no change in either her pose or her expression. She seems totally unaware that her little sister has crawled into bed and is sleeping beside her. Eventually, Eri's small mouth does move slightly, as if in response to something. A quick trembling of the lips that lasts but an instant, perhaps a tenth of a second. Finely honed pure point of view that we are, however, we cannot overlook this movement. Our eyes take positive note of this momentary physical signal. The trembling might well be a minuscule quickening of something to come. Or it might be the barest hint of a minuscule quickening. Whatever it is, something is trying to send a sign to this side through a tiny opening in the consciousness. Such an impression comes to us with certainty.


Unimpeded by other schemes, this hint of things to come takes time to expand in the new morning light, and we attempt to watch it unobtrusively, with deep concentration. The night has begun to open up at last. There will be time until the next darkness arrives.” (Murakami, 244)





















































































































To answer Questions 24-27, please read the following book review of Haruki Murakami’s After Dark. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the review. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.



“During her night in the city, Mari first meets Tetsuya Takahashi, a young musician who claims to have met her before when they were brought together on a double date with Mari's sister and Takahashi's friend. Mari and Takahashi subtly flirt over coffee until he heads off to late-night band practice, leaving her alone in the restaurant again. But soon after his departure, a woman named Kaoru comes in looking for Mari. Kaoru runs a "love hotel," where a Chinese prostitute has just been beaten and robbed but speaks no Japanese. She calls Takahashi for help, and he tells her he just left Mari who, coincidentally, speaks Chinese. With this, Mari is drawn into the world of the hotel and the lives of the people who work and stay there.


While Mari moves through the night, we follow her and also return back to her house to watch Eri in her sleep. As the story unfolds, we are left to unravel the connection between the individual who beat the prostitute and Eri. Is he the man in the bare room? By the end of this short novel, Mari is safely back home and has plans to leave Japan to study in China --- but her sister is still in a deep sleep. Mari is undeniably altered, learning about herself and her city and finding a new love for the sister from whom she has felt emotionally estranged for so long.”


“Review-After Dark by Haruki Murakami,” Reviewed by Sarah Rachel Egelman on December 22, 2010 <>


























































































































To answer Questions 30-31, please read "Waste Not, Want Not: Food Waste and Hunger Exist Side by Side"
by Jeanne Miller
. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.


Waste Not, Want Not:
Food Waste and Hunger Exist Side by Side

by Jeanne Miller


Forty percent of the food that’s produced in this country never makes it into the mouth of a human being. “That’s like going to the grocery store and buying five bags of groceries, then dropping two bags in the parking lot and not bothering to pick them up,” says Dana Gunders, a scientist with the Natural Resources Defense Council. In a recent year we discarded 34 million tons of food while 17 million American households could not always be sure where their next meal was coming from. How can this be? And what can we do about it?

Starting at the Farm
Farm manager Nick Papadopoulos says, “I was standing in our walk-in cooler one Sunday, and I saw boxes of unsold vegetables that had come back from the farmers’ market. I realized that they were going to go to the chickens and the compost. It was still premium, edible, sellable food,” he says. “It made me want to bang my head on the wall.”

Several months earlier Papadopoulos had taken a break from a career as a business consultant to help manage his family’s farm in Petaluma, California. He had repeatedly watched fresh, nutritious vegetables going into the compost pile. That Sunday, thinking of all the care and resources that had gone into growing and harvesting the unsold produce, he decided he had to do something. The farm had a Facebook page and a lot of fans. He put an alert on Facebook to tell the farm’s crowd that he wanted to strike a deal. “Within 45 minutes a woman texted and said she could pick up the vegetables.” She bought the produce at a discount and shared it with her neighbors. Papadopoulos says, “Twenty families were fed and we made some of our money back. Afterwards there was a nice feeling of accomplishment on everyone’s part.”

An App for That 
It wasn’t long before he and a friend had created CropMobster, an online alert system that uses social media to announce the availability of food at risk of going to waste. Hundreds of farmers and grocers have signed up for the service and thousands of people have signed up for alerts. In the first year, about 1 million servings of food were saved.

CropMobster now operates in several counties in northern California. Recently it partnered with the city of Elk Grove, near Sacramento, California, to launch the city’s own community exchange app. There, students at Foulk Ranch School who had studied food waste got involved. Among other projects, they harvested 400 pounds of kale and squash from a farm and delivered it to a food bank. Led by sixth-grade teacher Jim Bentley, students documented their activities in short videos.

Environmental Costs
When food goes to waste, all the resources that went into producing it also go to waste. The human labor, the fuel, the fertilizer, and the water are all thrown away. Twenty-five percent of the fresh water in the U.S. goes into food that never gets eaten. Gunders notes, “When it comes to water usage, throwing away a hamburger is like taking a 90-minute shower.”

We spend about 1 billion dollars per year just to dispose of excess food. Some of it goes into compost piles, some of it goes into animal feed, but most of it goes into landfills. There it decays and gives off methane gas, a powerful greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming. Gunders says, “No matter how organically or how sustainably we grow our food, if we’re not eating it, it’s not a good use of those resources.”

Tackling the Problem
CropMobster is just one of many new approaches to solving the problem of food waste using technology. Sometimes stores will reject a truckload of fruit or vegetables because of its appearance—apples too small, carrots too crooked, tomatoes too ripe. An organization called Food Cowboy has a website that allows truckers to post an alert that a delivery has been refused. A charity on the trucker’s route can respond, and Food Cowboy makes sure the food goes to hungry people instead of to a landfill.

Another organization, Food Shift, is taking a different tack. Currently charities depend mainly on volunteers to collect and distribute food. Hoping to create jobs in food recovery and make it sustainable, Food Shift partners with retail stores and other food providers. For a fee, it agrees to take care of all the excess food so the seller doesn’t have to. It has containers in the store that it picks up regularly and takes to food charities. Chad Solari, Director of Produce and Floral at Andronico’s Community Markets in California, explains the program. “When our staff pulls things with expired dates off the shelves, or switches out the day-old bread, or runs through the produce rack and comes up with ripe bananas, it will all go in one spot. We know where to put it, we know somebody’s going to come and pick it up, we know where it’s going.”

More to Be Done
These successful efforts to pull food from the waste stream are hopeful signs that things can change. Dana Gunders points out that, in the long run, capturing the excess at the end of the food cycle isn’t enough. “To me,” she says, “the ideal food system is one that’s designed up front to feed everyone. In that system we’d be so efficient at using everything that there wouldn’t be enough at the end to be captured and redistributed.



For Questions 1-12, please mark the letter of the correct definition of the given vocabulary word.