Mr. Fornnarino's English 2, Practice Quiz 27

This space contains reference material beginning next to Question 13.



































































































































































































To answer Questions 13-18, please read the following passage from Chapter 12 of Haruki Murakami’s After Dark. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.


Chapter 12, pages 162-3

“Shirakawa inspects his face in the mirror. The muscles of his face remain immobile as he stares at himself long and hard with severe eyes. His hands rest on the sink. He holds his breath and never blinks, fully expecting that, if he were to stay like this long enough, some other thing might emerge. To objectify all the senses, to flatten the consciousness, to put a temporary freeze on logic, to bring the advance of time to a halt if only momentarily— this is what he is trying to do: to fuse his being with the scene behind him, to make everything look like a neutral still life. Try as he might to suppress his own presence, that other thing never emerges. His image in the mirror remains just that: an image of himself in reality. A reflection of what is there. He gives up, takes a deep breath, filling his lungs with new air, and straightens his posture. Relaxing his muscles, he rolls his head in two big circles. Then he picks up his personal articles from the sink and places them in the vinyl bag again. He balls up the towel he used to dry his body and throws it in the wastebasket. He turns the light out as he exits the lavatory. The door closes.” (Murakami, 162-3)





































































































































To answer Questions 19-23, please read the following passage from Chapter 11 of Haruki Murakami’s After Dark. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.


Chapter 11, Pages 156

“‘Well, look. You're the kid sister, but you always had a good, clear image of what you wanted for yourself. You were able to say no when you had to, and you did things at your own pace. But Eri Asai couldn't do that. From the time she was a little girl, her job was to play her assigned role and satisfy the people around her. She worked hard to be a perfect little Snow White—if I can borrow your name for her. It's true that everybody made a big fuss over her, but I'll bet that was really tough for her sometimes. At one of the most crucial points in her life, she didn't have a chance to establish a firm self. If 'complex' is too strong a word, let's just say she probably envied you.’” (Murakami, 156)



















































































To answer Questions 24-27, please read the following essay excerpt about Haruki Murakami’s After Dark. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the excerpt. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.


“Japanese literature has a unique history of being very self-reflective, perhaps because of their experiences throughout history as their culture evolved into what it is today. The contemporary works that can be seen and read today reflect that history and the kind of culture that thrives within its islands continuously. For this paper, the specific work that will be analyzed is Haruki Murakami’s After Dark and a formalist approach of analysis will be used in order to derive and understand how this work is reflective of the contemporary Japanese society and culture of the present...Set in contemporary metropolitan Tokyo, [After Dark] tells a story of things that happen in the late hours of the night where everyone is usually asleep. It seems to mainly explore the theme of isolation with each of the characters whose experiences throughout the events of the novel seem coincidentally connected to each other in some way. In a way, it can be said that this work is reflective of a contemporary Japanese society and culture wherein the people constantly try to find connections with each other but cannot because of their own personal kinds of isolation…”

Abulencia AC. 2015. Mari Asai’s Personal Isolation in Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Asian Journal of Humanity, Art and Literature, 2, 34-38.
































































































To answer Questions 30-31, please read "Waste Not, Want Not: Food Waste and Hunger Exist Side by Side" by Jeanne Miller. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the excerpt. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.





Waste Not, Want Not:
Food Waste and Hunger Exist Side by Side

by Jeanne Miller


Forty percent of the food that’s produced in this country never makes it into the mouth of a human being. “That’s like going to the grocery store and buying five bags of groceries, then dropping two bags in the parking lot and not bothering to pick them up,” says Dana Gunders, a scientist with the Natural Resources Defense Council. In a recent year we discarded 34 million tons of food while 17 million American households could not always be sure where their next meal was coming from. How can this be? And what can we do about it?

Starting at the Farm
Farm manager Nick Papadopoulos says, “I was standing in our walk-in cooler one Sunday, and I saw boxes of unsold vegetables that had come back from the farmers’ market. I realized that they were going to go to the chickens and the compost. It was still premium, edible, sellable food,” he says. “It made me want to bang my head on the wall.”

Several months earlier Papadopoulos had taken a break from a career as a business consultant to help manage his family’s farm in Petaluma, California. He had repeatedly watched fresh, nutritious vegetables going into the compost pile. That Sunday, thinking of all the care and resources that had gone into growing and harvesting the unsold produce, he decided he had to do something. The farm had a Facebook page and a lot of fans. He put an alert on Facebook to tell the farm’s crowd that he wanted to strike a deal. “Within 45 minutes a woman texted and said she could pick up the vegetables.” She bought the produce at a discount and shared it with her neighbors. Papadopoulos says, “Twenty families were fed and we made some of our money back. Afterwards there was a nice feeling of accomplishment on everyone’s part.”

An App for That 
It wasn’t long before he and a friend had created CropMobster, an online alert system that uses social media to announce the availability of food at risk of going to waste. Hundreds of farmers and grocers have signed up for the service and thousands of people have signed up for alerts. In the first year, about 1 million servings of food were saved.

CropMobster now operates in several counties in northern California. Recently it partnered with the city of Elk Grove, near Sacramento, California, to launch the city’s own community exchange app. There, students at Foulk Ranch School who had studied food waste got involved. Among other projects, they harvested 400 pounds of kale and squash from a farm and delivered it to a food bank. Led by sixth-grade teacher Jim Bentley, students documented their activities in short videos.

Environmental Costs
When food goes to waste, all the resources that went into producing it also go to waste. The human labor, the fuel, the fertilizer, and the water are all thrown away. Twenty-five percent of the fresh water in the U.S. goes into food that never gets eaten. Gunders notes, “When it comes to water usage, throwing away a hamburger is like taking a 90-minute shower.”

We spend about 1 billion dollars per year just to dispose of excess food. Some of it goes into compost piles, some of it goes into animal feed, but most of it goes into landfills. There it decays and gives off methane gas, a powerful greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming. Gunders says, “No matter how organically or how sustainably we grow our food, if we’re not eating it, it’s not a good use of those resources.”

Tackling the Problem
CropMobster is just one of many new approaches to solving the problem of food waste using technology. Sometimes stores will reject a truckload of fruit or vegetables because of its appearance—apples too small, carrots too crooked, tomatoes too ripe. An organization called Food Cowboy has a website that allows truckers to post an alert that a delivery has been refused. A charity on the trucker’s route can respond, and Food Cowboy makes sure the food goes to hungry people instead of to a landfill.

Another organization, Food Shift, is taking a different tack. Currently charities depend mainly on volunteers to collect and distribute food. Hoping to create jobs in food recovery and make it sustainable, Food Shift partners with retail stores and other food providers. For a fee, it agrees to take care of all the excess food so the seller doesn’t have to. It has containers in the store that it picks up regularly and takes to food charities. Chad Solari, Director of Produce and Floral at Andronico’s Community Markets in California, explains the program. “When our staff pulls things with expired dates off the shelves, or switches out the day-old bread, or runs through the produce rack and comes up with ripe bananas, it will all go in one spot. We know where to put it, we know somebody’s going to come and pick it up, we know where it’s going.”

More to Be Done
These successful efforts to pull food from the waste stream are hopeful signs that things can change. Dana Gunders points out that, in the long run, capturing the excess at the end of the food cycle isn’t enough. “To me,” she says, “the ideal food system is one that’s designed up front to feed everyone. In that system we’d be so efficient at using everything that there wouldn’t be enough at the end to be captured and redistributed.


For Questions 1-12, please mark the letter of the correct definition of the given vocabulary word.