Mr. Fornnarino's English 2, Quiz 19

Be sure to choose each answer carefully. You get only one try to answer each question correctly!

This space contains reference text beginning next to Question 13.

















































































































































































































To answer Questions 13-18, read the following passage from Act II of Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.

Act II Scene i Lines 30-63
30 Go bid thy mistress, when my drink is ready,
She strike upon the bell. Get thee to bed.
Exit Servant
Is this a dagger which I see before me,
The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
35 Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible
To feeling as to sight? or art thou but
A dagger of the mind, a false creation,
Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
I see thee yet, in form as palpable
40 As this which now I draw.
Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going;
And such an instrument I was to use.
Mine eyes are made the fools o' the other senses,
Or else worth all the rest; I see thee still,
45 And, on thy blade and dudgeon, gouts of blood,
Which was not so before. There's no such thing:
It is the bloody business which informs
Thus to mine eyes. Now o'er the one halfworld
Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse
50 The curtain'd sleep; witchcraft celebrates
Pale Hecate's offerings, and wither'd murder,
Alarum'd by his sentinel, the wolf,
Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace.
With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design
55 Moves like a ghost. Thou sure and firm-set earth,
Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear
Thy very stones prate of my whereabout,
And take the present horror from the time,
Which now suits with it. Whiles I threat, he lives:
60 Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives.
A bell rings
I go, and it is done; the bell invites me.
Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell
That summons thee to heaven or to hell.





























































To answer Questions 19-24, read the following passage from Act II of Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.



Act II Scene ii Lines 33-50
MACBETH Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more!
Macbeth does murder sleep', the innocent sleep,
35 Sleep that knits up the raveled sleeve of care,
The death of each day's life, sore labor’s bath,
Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course,
Chief nourisher in life's feast.
LADY MACBETH                              What do you mean?
MACBETH Still it cried 'Sleep no more!' to all the house.
40 'Glamis hath murdered sleep, and therefore Cawdor
Shall sleep no more. Macbeth shall sleep no more.'
LADY MACBETH Who was it that thus cried? Why, worthy thane,
You do unbend your noble strength to think
So brainsickly of things. Go get some water
45 And wash this filthy witness from your hand.
Why did you bring these daggers from the place?
They must lie there. Go carry them and smear
The sleepy grooms with blood.
MACBETH                                             I'll go no more.
I am afraid to think what I have done.
50 Look on't again I dare not.
































































To answer Questions 25-29, read the following passage from Act II of Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth. Choose the best responses to the prompts next to the passage. There is one and only one correct answer to each prompt.


Act II Scene iii Lines 5-28
PORTER [Knocking within]
5 Knock,knock! Who's there, in the
other devil's name? Faith, here's an equivocator, that could swear in both
the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God's
sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven. O, come in, equivocator.
[Knocking within] Knock, knock, knock! Who's there? Faith, here's an English
10 tailor come hither for stealing out of a French hose. Come in, tailor.
Here you may roast your goose. [Knocking within] Knock, knock! Never at quiet.
--What are you?—But this place is too cold for hell. I'll devil-porter it
no further. I had thought to have let in some of all professions that go
the primrose way to the everlasting bonfire. [Knocking within] Anon, anon!
[Opens the gate]
15 I pray you, remember the porter.
MACDUFF Was it so late, friend, ere you went to bed,
That you do lie so late?
PORTER Faith, sir, we were carousing till the second cock, and drink, sir,
is a great provoker of three things.
MACDUFF 20 What three things does drink especially provoke?
PORTER Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and urine. Lechery, sir, it
provokes, and unprovokes. It provokes the desire, but it takes away the
performance. Therefore, much drink may be said to be an
equivocator with lechery. It makes him, and it mars him; it sets him
25 on, and it takes him off; it persuades him and disheartens him; makes
him stand to and not stand to; in conclusion, equivocates him in a
sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him.









































































































































































Read the following text from the article "Jurors & Juries to answer Questions 32-34).




Jurors & Juries
by Collomia Charles

The Areopagus was a court whose members were former archons or state officials. The court met next to the Acropolis, on a hill that was also called Areopagus, which means “the hill of Mars.” Similar in many ways to a Council of Elders, the Areopagus upheld the rules and traditions of the aristocracy of Athens for centuries. Then, in 462 B.C., the Athenian statesman Ephialtes greatly weakened its power. He did so by transferring most of the powers once assigned to the Areopagus to the Heliaia, the high court of Athens.

With Ephialtes’ changes, most cases were no longer judged by a small segment of the population that was experienced, wealthy, and powerful, but by juries whose members were everyday Athenians. We know much about what happened in these courts, because speeches survive from trials covering everything from murder to embezzlement of public funds to political misconduct.

Jury Selection

In 507 B.C., Cleisthenes divided Athens into 10 demes, or districts. To form a jury pool of 6,000, each of the 10 demes chose, by lot, 600 citizens over the age of 30. After swearing an oath, each juror was given a ticket inscribed with his name, his father’s name, his deme, and a letter of the alphabet to show in which section of the jury pool he belonged. For most trials, a jury consisted of 501 citizens, but some were as small as 201 or as large as 1,501. Enormous juries made it almost impossible for either side to use bribery, intimidation, or trickery to win a verdict.

Athenian courts had no judges or lawyers, only an organizing official known as the hegemon. The prosecutor and the defendant each spoke for himself. Within a specific amount of time that was marked by a water clock (the hole at the bottom allowed the water to escape slowly or to be stopped from flowing if there was a pause in the proceedings), each had to make a persuasive argument, read aloud the laws that were important in his case, and call the witnesses who supported his argument.

Public Speaking Becomes All-Important

In this type of court system, the ability to speak well in public became extremely important. So, there soon arose a group of professional educators, known as sophists, who claimed that they could teach students to argue either side of any case. They also said that they could train students to think and act in a way that would give them an advantage if they ever had to appear in court. Soon, an entirely new profession was launched—that of logographos, or speech writer. If anyone did not feel confident enough to create his own persuasive speech, he could now hire someone to write it for him.

How They Voted

After both speakers finished presenting their cases in court, the jury voted. As early as the 450s B.C., voting was done by secret ballot. According to the fourth-century B.C. Greek philosopher Aristotle, jurors were given two ballots. Each was a copper disk with a rod through the middle. One rod was hollow; the other was solid. A juror would choose the hollow ballot if he agreed with the prosecutor and the solid ballot if he agreed with the defense. Each juror would drop the ballot he had chosen into a bronze jar; the other ballot—the one he did not use—he would drop into a wooden jar.

After the votes were counted and guilt or innocence had been established, the court would decide on a penalty. Juries could impose fines, strip citizens of their rights, and impose sentences of exile or death. Imprisonment was possible, but rare and only for non-citizens. In 399 B.C., in what has become history’s most famous trial, the Greek philosopher Socrates was found guilty of impiety and corrupting the young men of Athens. He lost his case by only 30 votes. However, when jurors voted for his punishments, 110 jurors voted for the death penalty. Why the change? It is said that Socrates’ suggestion that he be given a dinner at public expense and then that he pay an extremely small fine angered those jurors who had earlier voted him “not guilty.”













































































































For Questions 1-12, please mark the letter of the correct definition of the given vocabulary word.