Mr. Fornnarino's English 2, Practice Quiz 17

This space contains reference material beginning next to Question 26.































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Use the following poem by Yeats, from which Achebe got the title for his novel, to answer questions 26-28.


The Second Coming (By William Butler Yeats)


Turning and turning in the widening gyre  

The falcon cannot hear the falconer;

Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;

Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,

The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere  

The ceremony of innocence is drowned;

The best lack all conviction, while the worst  

Are full of passionate intensity.


Surely some revelation is at hand;

Surely the Second Coming is at hand.  

The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out  

When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi

Troubles my sight: somewhere in sands of the desert  

A shape with lion body and the head of a man,  

A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,  

Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it  

Reel shadows of the indignant desert birds.  

The darkness drops again; but now I know  

That twenty centuries of stony sleep

Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle,  

And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,  

Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?
























































                                   A Peaceful Force
                                 by Cynthia Levinson

Despite his slight body and soft-spoken voice, Mohandas K. “Mahatma” Gandhi (1869–1948) was a powerful force—a leader in the practice of peaceful, nonviolent protest.

He was born and raised in India, but he developed his famous guiding principles—ahimsa, or nonviolence, and satyagraha, seeking truth through firmness—while practicing law in South Africa in the early 1900s. Gandhi had studied the Bhagavad Gita, a Hindu book that teaches that people must fight evil with love. When he saw how the white South Africans treated the native Zulus and other dark-skinned peoples as second-class citizens, he began to organize nonviolent protests against racial injustice. “Nonviolent acts exert pressure far more effective than violent acts,” Gandhi explained, “for the pressure comes from goodwill and gentleness.”

After nearly two decades in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He had become famous for adopting a spiritual, non-material life and had been given the nickname “Mahatma,” or Great Soul. He now focused his energies on freeing India from Britain’s oppressive colonial rule. He demanded rights for peasants and religious toleration; he led nonviolent strikes, boycotts, and fasts; and he willingly faced imprisonment for these actions.

His most famous act of civil disobedience, in 1930, entailed a 240-mile march to the sea, where he and his followers staged a protest against the British salt tax. The British controlled a monopoly on the salt trade and used the tax revenue they collected to support their regime in India. This march sparked numerous other acts of civil disobedience across the country.

India won its independence in 1947, and Gandhi’s example of creating change through peaceful protest inspired millions of people around the world, including Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and other American civil rights activists of the 1950s and 1960s.



















































For Questions 1-12, please mark the letter of the correct definition of the given vocabulary word.